The MAGNA CARTA OF WOMEN (Republic Act No. 9710) defines GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD) PROGRAM as the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials. It seeks to achieve gender equality as a fundamental value that should be reflected in development choices and contends that women are active agents of development, not just passive recipients of development.
GAD focuses on Gender Mainstreaming or a strategy for:
- making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of policies, programs and projects in all social, political, civil, and economic spheres so that women and men benefit equally.
- assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programs in all areas and at all levels.
II. BACKGROUND/PERTINENT LAWS
- INTERNATIONAL LAWS/TREATIES
- CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATIONS OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW). The CEDAW Convention is built on three foundational principles: non-discrimination, state obligation and substantive equality. It is an international legal instrument that requires countries to eliminate discrimination against women in all areas and promotes women’s equal rights. CEDAW is often described as the international bill of rights for women.
- BEIJING PLATFORM FOR ACTIONS. The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action or BPfA is a landmark document for advancing the rights of women and gender equality worldwide agreed during the 4th World Conference on women in 1995.
- SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS. The SDGs are designed to end poverty, hunger, AIDS & discrimination against women & girls. SDG 5 aims to achieve gender equality and empower all girls and women.
- NATIONAL LAWS
- RA 7192 – WOMEN IN NATION BUILDING ACT. An act promoting the integration of women as full and equal partners of men in development and nation building and for other purposes.
- RA 9710 – THE MAGNA CARTA OF WOMEN. A comprehensive women’s human rights law that seeks to eliminate discrimination through the recognition, protection, fulfillment, and promotion of the rights of Filipino women, especially those belonging in the marginalized sectors of the society
- RA 9262 – THE ANTI-VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN ACT OF 2004. It is a law the seeks to address the prevalence of violence against women and their children (VAWC) by their intimate partners like their husband or ex-husband, live-in partner or former live-in partner, boyfriend/girlfriend or ex-boyfriend/ex-girlfriend, dating partner or former dating partner.
- Other National Laws:
- RA 8353 – The Anti-Rape Law of 1997
- RA 7877 – Anti Sexual harassment Act of 1995
- RA 11313 – Safe Spaces Act or the Anti-Bastos Law
- LOCAL POLICIES/ORDINANCES
- ORDINANCE NO. 2017-04: An Ordinance amending City Ordinance No. 2012-07 An Ordinance Providing for a Gender and Development Code of the City of Iriga, and for other purposes
- ORDINANCE NO. 2014-03: An Ordinance mandating Strict enforcement and implementation of the provisions of Republic Act No. 9208, otherwise known as “The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003” As amended by RA 10364 also known as the “Expanded Anti-Trafficking in Persons act of 2012
- EXECUTIVE ISSUANCES:
- EO 2019-31: An Order Reconstituting and Reorganizing the GAD Focal Point System of the City of Iriga, Defining its Duties, Functions and Responsibilities
- EO 2019-32: Creating the City Inter-Agency Council Against trafficking and Violence Against Women and Their Children (CIACAT-VAWC) of the City of Iriga Defining its Duties, Functions and Responsibilities.
III. INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS TO IMPLEMENT THE MAGNA CARTA OF WOMEN AND GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN THE CITY
- IN-PLACED AND FULLY FUNCTIONAL GAD FOCAL POINT SYSTEM (GFPS)
- GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD) OFFICE
- CITY GAD DATABASE
- GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT (GAD) PLANNING AND BUDGETING
- PRESENCE OF CITY GAD CODE
Through Executive Order 31 Series 2019, the Iriga City GAD Focal Point System was created to accelerate gender mainstreaming within the locality. It is Hon. Mayor Madelaine Yorobe Afelor, as the Local chief Executive and each respective LGU Department Heads, with partners GA , NGOs, CSOs and POs as members. One of the functions of The GFPS executive committee is that they lead in mainstreaming GAD perspectives in LGU policies, plans and programs (Functions of the GFPS can be browse at JMC 2013-01 of PCW, DBM, NEDA and DILG).
The GFPS Technical Working Group chaired in the person of Ms. Josephine B. Serdeño, RSW designated GAD Focal Person with members, key staff from the various LGU offices/departments or committees represented in the GFPS Executive Committee.
The City through an EO establish, enhance, strengthen and/or maintain a gender responsive monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system.
Iriga City GAD Office was established last March 11, 2020 as per City ordinance No. . 2017-04, the Iriga City GAD Code Ordinance. It was established under the Office of the City Social Welfare and Development at 2nd floor, City Hall Annex Building New Government Center, Sta. Cruz Sur, Iriga City.
Sex-disaggregated data and GAD-related information derived and/or sourced from the results of Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS); as well as from studies, surveys and administrative reports of the local offices of NGAs. This is the GFPS basis for gender-responsive planning, programming and policy formulation.
The GFPS formulate annual GAD plan and Budget in accordance with the scheduled to be observed C.2 under JMC 2013-01.